HIV has inflicted millions and millions of people worldwide. It is for this reason that different government as well as the World Health Organization are continually creating programs to prevent HIV from spreading further. This disease is extremely serious and lethal. Therefore, it is essential to equip yourself with the correct understanding of HIV prevention.
To begin with, understand that HIV can be transferred or transmitted in 3 ways. Through intercourse, transfer of blood and mother to child, HIV prevention may be handed down. Also keep in mind that for every way of transmission, someone has the capacity to significantly reduce the probability or likelihood of getting the disease. You can find interventions the national and native government are selling to help individuals in jeopardy. These interventions all needs to be taken to ensure that the programs are indeed effective.
Most programs are focused on three main things. These things could prevent HIV transmission if correctly followed. The first is through media campaign and knowledge dissemination. Information provides us power to choose, to safeguard ourselves. You can still find a lot of people today who have no idea the repercussions of getting unprotected intercourse. They do not know that they are putting themselves at risk for se.xually transmitted disease, and possible, HIV. The media can significantly reduce HIV widespread if they have the appropriate tools to create the facts about HIV known. Health centers should have studies recording incidence in the disease along with its major cause. Out of this, they could decide on what action to take and how to approach the populace. If for example, they find that inflicted folks are usually in the age 17-28, and also the disease was acquired through intercourse, they should immediately carry out campaigns that deal with safe intercourse and HIV prevention.
This leads us to the next a part of HIV prevention which is find more info and testing. If you are already aware that your population are at risk, head to health centers and discover how they may help protect you. Individuals who have the condition and therefore are afraid they may pass it on to others, prefer to an unborn baby, may be given proper counseling. This mother, as an example, may be tested and her child may also be tested for possible HIV infections. Immediate treatment can also be given for your mother to assist her unborn child. There is certainly still a big possibility that the child would not have the disease if the mother is diagnosed early and receives proper treatment and care.
The third technique for HIV prevention is thru the provision of antiretroviral treatment for people who are exposed to HIV. This can be basically given to anyone who has been diagnosed with HIV. People who are tested and returns positive with HIV are instantly given this kind of treatment to assist them live an improved, healthier life despite their disease. As an HIV prevention method, provision in the antiretroviral treatment acts an incentive for people ahead out and be tested. This also allows the government to keep track of those that have the condition and which areas are most affected.
As you can tell, the key ingredient you need for HIV prevention is knowledge. Getting the right information gives you the power to help make the best decisions and protect you against acquiring this kind of deadly disease. Naturally, this change in focus has resulted in a selection of new issues, like ensuring adherence to ART treatment, early pregnancy detection, and facing traditional ogvmdy and religious beliefs regarding male circumcision, to name a few from the emerging challenges. Also, the reality that the viral load is significantly affected by basic issues like access to primary healthcare for co-infections along with the quality and quantity of food, water and sanitation, this calls for a much more integrated (mainstreaming) approach to HIV prevention.
Other challenges include a modification of the type of stigma. In the ‘old ABC’ era, my response stigma was based heavily upon the morality of s.xuality and anxiety about death. With large-scale ART implementation, the newest A2B4CT approach brings an alternative type of stigma based upon judgments of carelessness regarding health behaviour.
Prevention messaging can also be changing as the threat of illness and death continues to be potentially removed. The youth, particularly, are skeptical of the need to reduce the risk of becoming infected: “You get HIV then take the pills. What’s the major deal?”